Speaking to an adoring crowd at the World Travel & Tourism Council summit here, former President Barack Obama told the travel industry it needs to make its case to world leaders about tourism's economic benefits.
"There's no government and no leader on the planet that is not thinking, 'How do I make sure the economy is growing and that people are gainfully employed?'" Obama said. "That's obviously the way to get their attention."
Interviewed on stage by Hilton CEO and WTTC chairman Chris Nassetta, Obama said the industry must be "concrete and specific" about what governments can do not only to help tourism, but to not hurt it.
Citing an example from his own administration, he said he was made aware of the difficulty that nationals in places like Brazil and China had getting visas to visit the U.S., which was hurting the U.S. economy.
"We saw huge growth in people in Brazil with disposable income that wanted to travel and go to Disney and other places," he said. "But they could only get a visa in Sao Paulo or Rio. Brazil is a massive country. That was going to cap how well we were going to do."
As president, Obama ended up easing and expediting U.S. visa practices in China and Brazil and easing travel restrictions to Cuba. Nassetta praised Obama for being a "a huge advocate of travel and tourism over many years."
Obama stressed the importance of being aware of the balance between growing tourism and protecting national resources and assuring local communities not only benefit, but do not become resentful.
Without naming his successor, Obama cited "dangerous" trends, both in the U.S. and abroad, such as wanting to put up "genuine or metaphoric walls" and the surge in nationalism and xenophobia."
"If we try to reassert these very hard, fixed borders at a time when technology and information are borderless, not only will we fail but we'll see greater conflict and clashes between people," he said.
The good news for both the world and the travel industry, he said, is that the younger generation does not hold such views.
"The generations behind us are more sophisticated, worldly, cosmopolitan and appreciative of cultures than the old people are," he said. "They are not afraid of difference, change, things that are unusual or unfamiliar. That's the world they've grown up in. The politics of looking backward and erecting walls is a politics that is going to not appeal to young people. It's one that they fundamentally reject."
Obama also warned that climate change poses a real and growing threat to the industry.
"Some of the most beautiful places on this planet that we most want to visit and share with our children and spend time in are at risk," he said, adding that climate change "is the defining issue of our time, even if people don't realize it yet. ... It's here."
As president, Obama said, he not only promoted inbound travel, but made a point to visit cultural sites when traveling abroad.
"What I understood is that part of diplomacy is letting other people know that you recognize them," he said. "That you recognize and appreciate their cultures and stories and history and memories. When people feel as if they're known and understood and seen, then they're more open to your perspectives as well. It's true in individuals and nations."
Obama praised travel and the travel industry for bringing the world together.
"One of the benefits of the travel industry is to remind people both of the incredible value of the diversity of this planet and the differences we have," he said. "Because that's what makes food in Seville different than food in Bangkok -- and they're both really good. But travel also reminds us of what we share and what we have in common. And the ability for us to recognize ourselves in each other. So that if you're wandering through some small village in Kenya and see a mother and child playing and laughing, that's not different from a mother and child back in Virginia or in Hawaii."