From the medical point of view we talk about a kind of obsessive disorder that leads to the extreme the idea of a healthy diet. The person with orthorexia develops a comprehensive control and increasingly strict compontes of food.
According to a study by the European Medical Institute of Obesity, eating extremely healthy it is a health disorder and has been classified as a disease called Orthorexia "Sometimes, between the effort to eat healthy and obsession with food is just one step. From the medical point of view we talk about a kind of obsessive disorder that leads to the extreme the idea of a healthy diet. The person with orthorexia develops a comprehensive control and increasingly strict compontes of food, try to eat only organic, plant food, not treated with fertilizer, without preservatives or saturated fats, "says Ruben Bravo, a specialist of the Institute mentioned .
The World Health Organization in an investigation revealed that orthorexia affects 28% of the population in developed countries and its prevalence may be increasing in the coming years. This disease mainly affects women, adolescents and athletes.
You start to run from the artificial, by counting calories and what transgenic escape and ends up falling into the pathological. "Alarm bells should be fired when someone spends more than three hours to organize your menu, when looking for any excuse to not eat out so much to minimize their social relationships and even how many times when chewed every bite," Bravo said.
The next step is to demonize certain foods like red meat, simple sugars, lactose or milk with saturated fats. Or, more recently, the gluten. "There is no scientific basis to ban any food. There will always be some healthier than others, some that are daily ration and others as an 'extra' or even, or 'very strange'. Secure nutritionist Dr. Mar Mira.
It happens that some people come to the doctor's nutritionist, wanting to lose weight or to undergo a diet to avoid eating some foods characterized as 'poison'. "They are the food composition are known and have their own judgment about what should or should not eat. Our mission as physicians is to advise and recommend those foods to help them lose weight in a healthy and beneficial to your health way, "says Dr. Cristina Bouza, physician nutrition specialist.
Traslation Belén Zapata