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Euthanasia and the controversy sparked by the case of Brittany Maynard

Region:
World
Category:
Society
Article type:
Opinion
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The debate was revived from viralización web video where Brittany Maynard shared her decision to die. Although she changed her mind and said, "I still feel well enough, I have still joy enough"

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948 by the United Nations, promotes the right to life and to the full terms of this condition in their articles: Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person (Art. 3); No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy (...) (Art. 12). But then if the right to life and levels set as a parameter death should have the same considerations ?.

Euthanasia is defined by the RAE (Royal Spanish Academy) as "the act or omission that to avoid suffering to the terminally ill patients hasten death with or without consent," in this sense the WHO (World Health Organization ) never expressed agreement or in opposition but keeping some distance and has trouble juggling facing a situation that has become a problem that doctors must confront. Active euthanasia is legal only in a few jurisdictions and assisted suicide (or dignified death practice terminally ill considered an option to reduce suffering to the end of life and dying under control and comfortably, with dignity) is caught in controversy moral, ethical and philosophical.

These days the debate was rekindled in the world from anywhere viralización video where Brittany Maynard shared her decision to die on Saturday. Maynard is 29 years old and was diagnosed a malignant brain tumor, a glioblastoma, which spreads rapidly and, says the American Brain Tumor Association, the most common symptoms are usually caused by increased pressure in the brain. These symptoms can include headache, nausea, vomiting and drowsiness. Depending on the location of the tumor, patients may develop a variety of other symptoms such as weakness on one side of the body, memory and / or speech difficulties, and visual changes which progressively deteriorates the quality of life of patients. In this situation Brittany decided to move with her husband and his family to San Francisco Bay in the US state of Oregon, where it is legal "death with dignity".

After diagnosis he decided to become a legacy, promote and raise awareness not only to those who can get to be in the same situation, but also to family, friends, health professionals and the general public through its website (www.thebrittanyfund.org) in which he expresses what he considers positive about such a controversial decision like this. Two days before making its purpose and where it would be his last will, know the Canon of the Colorado, seems to have revived her appetite for life. With a new video thanking the support of her family and her determination to postpone the date but not ruling out the method installed leaving the debate once again. "I still feel well enough, I have still joy enough, I still laugh and smile with my family and my friends, so I think this is not the right time," said US 29.

The discussion will be divided into human inability to accept a loss of someone you love, understand the decision to end the suffering of one who is determined to leave and the pain of the relatives accompanying resigned to knowing that there are no options life. The word euthanasia becomes the Greek etymology meaning "good luck" in a sea of emotions the world evolved but the feelings are impossible anchors sometimes easily release. Institutions such as Dignitas in Switzerland seeking, through its motto to live with dignity, die with dignity, ensuring its members values to which every human being is entitled. Others like to adhering Briytany, Compassions & Choices, working to promote and expand the option for a dignified death replicating the laws regulating the practice in five states to the rest of America. In countries that are accepted saves the distinction between direct active euthanasia legal, illegal passive, legal assisted suicide, euthanasia and illegal saved for the rest of the companies be chaos in exchange of ideas on the subject an ambiguous situation.

Terry Schiavo in the United States, Britain Gram Diane Pretty, Eluana Emglaro in Italy are some of the cases that gained prominence due to legal disputes submitted to have sense of peace at the time of his death. Camila, the girl Argentina settled the debate in our country and through the struggle of her mother, Selva Hebron, was enacted the Death with Dignity Act in Argentina. What happens in the film happens in life; the desire to die of Ramon Sampedro oil is shown in "The Sea Inside", a film that shows her life and determination in order for the courts of Spain to leave his body, "my mind is the only part of my body is still alive. I am a head attached to a body, " she argued. She was 55 years old and had spent 29 bedridden after an accident, her friends were the ones who took pity and put together a story so he could drink alone cyanide cup, previously declared "living is a right, not an obligation ".

Traslation Belén Zapata