The Ebola outbreak affects the West African region and "advancing faster than our efforts to control it," said Margaret Chan, director general of the World Health Organization
Four of the countries that are in the list of the world's poorest are tested against a new outbreak of Ebola deadly disease transmitted directly from person to person and, so far, has not been found a cure.
One of the most feared virus is again lashing the region of West Africa, Ebola was first detected during an epidemic in Zaire, now the Democratic Republic of Congo in 1976. Since 1994, 10 re outbreaks are recognized to cause the virus formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever virus, highly contagious infectious disease with a mortality rate that can reach 90%.
Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Liberia and Guinea are killed by the rapid advance of this new outbreak of the epidemic that was launched in March this year, as indicators of the World Health Organization (WHO) to July 30 and recorded 826 the deaths of over 1440 cases detected. While these data are subject to change due to further investigation on the reason for the deaths, the majority is confirmed and alarm to members of WHO is coordinating a special committee composed of representatives from the four governments and partners providing international medical assistance.
Outbreaks occur mainly in remote villages in central and western Africa, near the rainforest, which is considered the natural hosts of the virus are fruit bats of the family Pteropodidae; is transmitted to humans by wild animals and spreads in human populations for transmission from person to person. No specific treatment or vaccine for humans or animals for this reason the WHO and government departments are coordinating efforts in this fight emphasize prevention, mainly in areas where health care is provided to patients. The virus is transmitted from infected animals and is spread in the community through transmission from person to person by direct contact (through mucous membranes or solution of continuity of the skin) with organs, blood, secretions, or other liquids body of an infected person, or by indirect contact with contaminated materials such liquids.
While the first infected American nationality, Kent Brandly doctor at a hospital in Liberia, came to Atlanta to be treated the government places the arrival of the second victim, a volunteer for 60 years who received patient in the same hospital, and promotes the creation a final vaccine virus. When pedal quiet by authorities nervousness among Americans is manifested through the networks and demonstrated the billionaire Donald Trump who wrote on his Twitter account: The U.S. must immediately cease all flights from countries infected with Ebola or plague begins to spread within our "borders”. Act quickly!
Secretary for Africa of WHO, Dr Luis Sambo, continues his tour of the affected countries urging the authorities to redouble their commitment to contain the outbreak. After decades of bloody and destructive civil wars, 14 years in the case of Liberia, drought impeding agricultural development (even for self-supply), sometimes precarious or nonexistent services (such as access to potable water) and devastated economies despite their wealth Natural (such as diamond mining in Sierra Leone) the inhabitants of the region live on less than U.S. $ s1 -. per day, per person and the extreme poverty affecting more than 70%.
traslation: Belén Zapata