The country held the largest legislative elections organized in the world
Narendra Modi, of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and Rahul Gandhi, 43, a fourth generation of the Gandhi dynasty, are prime candidates to head the new government.
The general elections in India have started on Monday, with voting being held on two northeastern states, Assam and Tripura in the first nine stages to be carried out over the next six weeks.
Voting began at 07:00 local time in six districts, five in Assam and Tripura, and will end at 17:00 local time.
Some 814 million people exercise their right to vote in 930,000 polling stations established throughout the country. Elections for a new government will end on 12 May, and the results are expected on the 16th.
While Rahul Gandhi is the candidate for prime minister from the ruling Congress party, Narendra Modi is the main opposition candidate, of the Bharatiya Janata Party.
They are the biggest election in the history of the world's largest democracy, as some 814 million people (100 million more than five years ago) they may vote for over six weeks.
When the results are announced on May 16, if none of the contending parties get more than 272 seats, ie, an absolute majority, the president asked the party who has obtained majority to form a coalition with smaller regional parties.
The mandate of the current government of the United Progressive Alliance, who heads Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, ends in May. After the recount of the election on 16 May, a new government will be formed.
Nearly a decade ago returned to the Congress Party government, which is protected by the Nehru-Gandhi family. Manmohan Singh, former minister of finance, heads the government. There has been a rebalancing of the territorial powers. Calls Indian middle classes, illustrated, are estimated at about 300 million. The percentage of people living under the poverty line was reduced from 42% of the population, in 1981, when I began the change. Today that percentage is around 25 percent.
traslation: Belén Zapata